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Friday, September 30, 2016

58 Suicides In Last Five Years, What Is So Wrong With Kota Dream? - India Times

58 Suicides In Last Five Years, What Is So Wrong With Kota Dream?

September 28, 2016

Giving up on her dream to become a doctor, another student ended her life, on Tuesday, in Rajasthan's Kota, known for coaching institutes competitive examinations.

The victim, identified as Sneha Suman (17), a native of Khagariya, Bihar, is among the twelve young people who chose to end their lives. Earlier, in April, 17-year-old Kriti Tripathi had committed suicide in her hostel room. Before her, ten other students did so.

Reportedly, 58 students have killed themselves in various hostels in Kota in last five years.

The dreams of becoming next Sunder Pichai, Satya Nadella and Naresh Trehan bring over 80,000 children to Kota every year. They become part of this USD 45 million coaching industry being run in this city of Rajasthan.

But what are the main reasons behind forcing youngsters, taking such an extreme step?

Parents' Expectations
There is a possibility that neither Kriti nor Sneha, who committed suicide were asked whether they wanted to become engineer and doctor respectively.
Parents generally force their children to take up professions including engineering and medical, considered to be job oriented.


They put pressure on their children to become engineers or doctors. Majority of the fault also lies with system in India where people aren't considered successfull, if they don't end up becoming engineers, doctors or bureaucrats.

No Screening Test
Kota has over 130 institutes, which give coaching for various exams. While these  institutes sell dreams, filling their coffers with a lots of money, they don't test a student's aptitude.


The students, some interested and majority forced by their parents end up paying huge amount of money for reluctantly studying the science subjects.

“If we don’t admit them, some other coaching institute will pick them up. A second reason for not having a screening process is that no parent likes to hear that his/her child won’t make it to the IITs. They will push for it and say ‘Let him give it a shot, at worst one year will get wasted’," Pramod Maheshwari, who co-founded coaching institute Career Point, told The Quint after Kriti's suicide in April.

Huge investments and pressure of success
In order to make their wards successful, parents invest a considerable amount of money. On an average, a family roughly spends Rs 6 lakh per year for coaching in Kota. The average tuition free across the institutes being run in Kota is about Rs 2, 13, 000 along with an average of Rs 3.36 lakh as hostel fee and Rs 60,000 as fee for dummy school.

The Hindu

Most of the families who send their children to Kota are from middle class background and for them, paying such a huge amount annually is a daunting task. The student also feels this pressure.

Barren childhood and dummy schools
Majority of the students in Kota arrive in this city at a tender age of 12 or 13. Their parents get them enrolled in dummy schools, which they never attend. It means that when children of their age learn other things in life, they grapple with calculus and relative velocity for world's most competitive examination. They never experience a childhood, which teaches how to get up after you fall.


By the time they reach 12th standard and get ready for their first litmus test in form of IIT-JEE or AIPMT, their parents  end up spending Rs 15-20 lakh over five or six years. Many of these families take loans and if the student feels that his failure wouldn't only sink his future, but also of his parents and siblings, he decides to end his or her life. 

Big Image Courtesy:Reuters

Teen Medical Course Aspirant Commits Suicide in Kota - NDTV

Teen Medical Course Aspirant Commits Suicide in Kota

All India | Written by Harsha Kumari Singh | Updated: September 29, 2016 01:33 IST

  1. 16-year-old Sneha Suman from Bihar was prepping for medical studies
  2. She was the 8th student to commit suicide this year in Kota
  3. 17 students had committed suicide in 2015

A 16-year-old girl from Bihar committed suicide in Kota, where she was prepping for medical entrance exams. Sneha Suman, who was from Bihar's Khagaria district, hanged herself in her hostel room late on Monday  night.

The police say while she left no suicide note, the competition for the medical and IIT seats create a lot of stress among students which often leads to suicides.

Sneha was the eighth student to commit suicide in Kota this year.

Last year, 17 students being coached for various entrance exams in Kota had committed suicide. Later, guidelines were issued to coaching institutes to check such deaths.

Thousands of students come to Kota to prepare for competitive exams.

Kota, nearly 250 km from Jaipur, accommodates a range of coaching institutes to prepare students for the IIT and medical entrance exams.

Nearly 11 lakh students sit for the IIT entrance every year. Of these, two lakh qualify the mains and only 10,000 are eventually accepted by the IITs.

The district administration and the area's senior administrative official, collector Ravi Kumar Surpur, have taken a number of measures to address the issue of student suicides.

Earlier this year, Mr Surpur had sent a letter to the parents of the 1.5 lakh students enrolled for coaching in Kota, urging them "not to force their expectations and dreams on their children".

Monday, September 12, 2016

Suicide: Depression major cause, women attempt more than men - Deccan Herald

New Delhi, Sep 10, 2016, PTI

The number of women attempting suicide in the country is nearly thrice that of men, while people in the age-group of 15-30 are the most vulnerable section of the society who claim their lives, experts claim.

According to the Indian Psychiatric Society, however, only 10-15 per cent of suicidal bids are "impulsive" and the rest can be prevented through timely intervention and appropriate psycho-social therapy.

The global community today joins in observing the World Suicide Prevention Day to raise awareness about its prevention, a major cause of death worldwide.

According to WHO, 800,000 people lose their life to suicide each year –- one person every 40 seconds, and up to 25 times as many make a suicide attempt again.

"In India, women attempt more suicide than men, on an average nearly 2.5-3 times. But nearly three times men as against women are ending their lives. Only 10-15 per cent cases are impulsive attempts, meaning a person attempts suicide himself or herself.

"In the rest, the person shows signs that he or she may attempt it, like 'my life is not worth living', which is the most common expression. And, if people around them can sense and intervene in time, then such cases can be prevented," Indian Psychiatric Society President Dr G Prasad Rao told PTI.

The Society, founded in 1947, has been creating awareness about its causes and prevention. It will hold programmes and athletic run tomorrow to mark the day.

Rao says "farmer, student and dowry-related suicides are the most common".

"It's a bio-psychosocial disorder and depression is the major cause that leads to death by suicide, followed by mental anxiety and personality disorders like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder," he says.

Rao says though suicide is preventable through timely intervention and psychosocial therapy, many people fail to assess the situation when someone may be suicidal and how to respond to it.

According to a study carried out recently by Delhi-based Cosmos Institute of Mental Health and Behavioural Sciences (CIMBS), 71 per cent of people were not aware as to what to do when someone around them showed suicidal tendencies.

The study, released to mark the World Suicide Prevention Day, consisted of two parts -- a public survey to gauge awareness, perception and impact of suicide in general public, and a clinical research of data to assess various psychological trends associated with suicidal behaviour.

"67 per cent of people with suicidal behaviour had an underlying major depressive disorder, 55 per cent had alcohol or other addictions, 26 per cent had personality disorders, 12 per cent had bipolar affective disorder, 7 per cent had schizophrenia while 2 per cent had eating disorders like anorexia or bulimia," it said.

The CIMBS study included about 500 participants, falling in the age group of 18-62 years, in the general public category from the Delhi-NCR region. Of this, 88 per cent aged between 18 and 35. And, men and women respondent were 52 per cent and 48 per cent, respectively.

"55 per cent people knew someone in their personal, social or professional circle who had lost their life to suicide, while 61 per cent people knew someone in their personal, social or professional circle who had attempted suicide, but managed to survive," it says.

53 per cent of respondents felt that they were "personally impacted" by such incidents.

The study also analysed 1,000 clinical cases from January- August to analyse the psychological trends in people who showed suicidal behaviour.

In 75 per cent of suicides, the victims aged less than 35, while in case of attempted suicides, 34 per cent were young adults (19-24 years).

In those showing suicidal behaviours, young adults (24-35 years) comprised 42 per cent, followed by those in the group of 35-49 years (33 per cent). Teenagers in the bracket of 13-19 years formed 17 per cent of the clinical cases analysed, while those over 50 years composed 8 per cent.

Also, unemployed people (32 per cent) showed most suicidal tendencies, followed by students (26 per cent) and professionals (22 per cent), the study claimed.

Rao also adds that students are attempting suicides because of examination performance worries, life stress or other factors.

Kota in Rajasthan, considered a major coaching hub for competition examinations like IIT-JEE, has reported many suicide cases over last few years.

According to National Crime Records Bureau figures, in 2014, as many as 1,31,666 people committed suicide and 15 suicides took place every hour that year.

Maximum suicides in 2014 were reported in Maharashtra (16,307) followed by Tamil Nadu (16,122) and West Bengal (14,310), accounting for 12.4 per cent, 12.2 per cent and 10.9 per cent, respectively, of the total suicides reported in the country.

Puducherry reported the highest rate of suicides (40.4) followed by Sikkim (38.4), Andman and Nicobar Islands (28.9) and Telangana (26.5) that year, according to NCRB data.

The suicide rate in cities (12.2 per cent) was higher as compared to all-India suicide rate (10.6 per cent).

Rao says that though youths ageing between 15 and 30 are most vulnerable, the suicidal tendencies peak in old age too (55-70).

"It is mainly because of loneliness and lack of family or societal support system that these people attempt to take their lives or end up killing themselves. It is important to know that most of suicide cases are preventable only if timely intervention can be made, and the stigma of mental health illness can be removed," he said.

The Indian Psychiatric Society's president says the government in its new mental healthcare bill mentions about "decriminalising" suicides, and it's a welcome step

Sunday, September 11, 2016

YourDost, WittyFeed join hands for ‘World Suicide Prevention Day’ - Financial Express

WittyFeed, world’s 2nd largest viral content company has partnered with YourDost to be the digital partner of #StopSuicide campaign for World Suicide Prevention Day followed on 10th September.

New Delhi | Updated: September 8, 2016 5:04 PM

With This Collective Collaboration, Wittyfeed Will Share The Videos And Other Content Captured During The Campaign On Their Social Media Platforms, Including Facebook. The Core Idea Is To Spread The Simple Message Of Suicide #Notanoption Around The Globe.

WittyFeed, world’s 2nd largest viral content company has partnered with YourDost to be the digital partner of #StopSuicide campaign for  World Suicide Prevention Day followed on 10th September. With this collective collaboration, WittyFeed will share the videos and other content captured during the campaign on their social media platforms, including Facebook. The core idea is to spread the simple message of Suicide #NotAnOption around the globe.

YourDOST is an online platform for people with emotional and mental issues to speak with qualified professionals in an anonymous manner. The seeds for YourDOST were laid when co-founder Richa Singh tragically lost a hostel mate to suicide, at IIT Guwahati.

This campaign aims to reach users on Social Media. “The purpose of this campaign is threefold – firstly the message itself, which is to let people know that, suicide, is not an option. 

Second is to educate people about why suicides happen and how to nip suicidal thoughts in the bud. 

The third objective is to promote NGOs who provide suicide helplines for anyone who is or knows someone who’s having suicidal thoughts,” say co-founder Puneet Manuja.

On the partnership Co-founder & CEO of Wittyfeed, Vinay Singhal said “We feel very privileged to be associated with such a noble campaign. Every life is precious, and I personally believe that giving up is not a solution, fight back very hurdles of life and come out with flying colors.  I am very humbled that WittyFeed is standing for an amazing campaign which will create awareness among the masses and help in reducing the number of suicides.”

The interesting story of our educational system | Adhitya Iyer - TEDx Talks - You Tube

The interesting story of our educational system | Adhitya Iyer | TEDxCRCE